Year Implemented


Project Type

Managed realignment


United Kingdom


The Wash (Lincolnshire)





Habitat(s) Created
  • Lagoon

  • Saltmarsh


66 Hectares

Why Undertaken
  • Create a More Natural Shoreline

  • Reduce Flood Protection Costs

  • Habitat Creation

Project Description Summary

This project included three breaches: initially 50m wide with 2m wide x 1m deep channels within. These expanded rapidly - for more information, see case study. . As part of this scheme drainage ditches, artificial creeks were dug.

Documents/References uploaded
  • Badley, J. and Allcorn, R.I., 2006. Changes in bird use following the managed realignment at Freiston Shore RSPB Reserve, Lincolnshire, England. Conservation Evidence (2006) 3, 102-105.
  • Brown, S.L., 2008. Wash Banks Flood Defence Scheme - Freiston Environmental Monitoring 2007. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), Wallingford, 86p.
  • Brown, S.L., Pinder, A.,Scott, L., Bass, J., Rispin, E.,Brown, S., Garbutt, A., Thomson, A., Spencer, T., Moller, I., Brooks, S.M., 2007. Wash Banks Flood Defence Scheme - Freiston Environmental Monitoring 2002-2006. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Dorchester, 374p.
  • Defra, 2008. Research Project Final Report - Freiston Shore Managed Realignment. Defra, London, 14p. Available at:
  • Myatt, L.B., Scrimshaw, M.D., Lester, J.N., 2003. Public perceptions and attitudes towards a forthcoming managed realignment scheme: Freiston Shore, Lincolnshire, UK. Ocean & Coastal Management 46, 565582.
  • Nottage, A., Robertson, P., 2005. The saltmarsh creation handbook: a project manager's guide to the creation of saltmarsh and intertidal mudflat. RSPB, Sandy, 128p.
  • Pontee, N.I., 2003. Designing sustainable estuarine intertidal habitats. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Engineering Sustainability 3, 157-167.
  • Symonds, A., 2006. Impacts of coastal realignment on intertidal sediment dynamics: Freiston Shore, The Wash. PhD thesis, University of Southampton, 252p.
  • Symonds, A.M., Collins, M.B., 2007. The establishment of a temporary creek system, in response to managed coastal realignment: The Wash, UK. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Published online May 2007. 14p.
  • Wolters, M., Garbutt, A., Bakker, J.P., 2005. Salt-marsh restoration: evaluating the success of de-embankments in north-west Europe. Biological Conservation 123(22), 249-268.

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