Year Implemented


Project Type

Managed realignment


United Kingdom


Blackwater Estuary (Essex)





Habitat(s) Created
  • Mudflat

  • Saltmarsh


38 Hectares

Why Undertaken
  • Reduce Flood Protection Costs

  • Improve Flood Protection

  • Create a More Natural Shoreline

Project Description Summary

This project involved two breaches (50 and 40m wide). As part of this scheme artificial creeks were dug (excavated material used for temporary wave breaks), a pond was also excavated.

Documents/References uploaded
  • ABP Research & Consultancy Ltd, 1998. Review of coastal habitat creation, restoration and recharge schemes. Southampton, 190p.
  • Brooke, J., Landin, M., Meakins, N., Adnitt, C., 1999. The Restoration of Vegetation on Salt Marshes. R&D W208, Environment Agency, Swindon, 85p.
  • Colclough, S., Fonseca, L., Astley, T., Thomas, K., Watts, W., 2005. Fish utilisation of managed realignments. Fisheries Management and Ecology 12, 351-360.
  • Diack, I., 1998. Botanical monitoring of the salt marsh option of the habitat scheme 19951997. ADAS, Oxford, 38p.
  • Dixon, A.M., Leggett, D.J., Weight, R.C., 1998. Habitat creation opportunities for landward coastal realignment: Essex case studies. Journal of the Chartered Institute of Water and Environmental Management 12, 107112.
  • Dixon, A.M., Weight, R.S., 1996. Managing coastal realignment. Case study at Orplands Sea wall, Blackwater estuary, Essex. In: Halcrow & Partners Ltd. Saltmarsh management for flood defence. Research seminar proceedings, November 1995. National Rivers Authority 480/1/ SW, 122.
  • HR Wallingford, 1999. Results of post breach monitoring of Orplands coastal realignment site. HR Wallingford, Wallingford, 80p.
  • http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20090514092004/http://www.eclife.naturalengland.org.uk/project_details/good_practice_guide/habitatcrr/ENRestore/CHaMPs/EssexEstuaries/RealignmentSites/Orplands/Summary.htm
  • Myatt, L.B., Scrimshaw, M.D., Lester, J.N., 2003. Public perceptions and attitudes towards an established managed realignment scheme: Orplands, Essex, UK. Journal of Environmental Management 68 (2), 173-181.
  • Parker, R., Bolam, S., Foden, J., Morris, D., Brown, S., Chesher, T., Fletcher, C., Möller, I. 2004. Suitability Criteria for Habitat Creation Report I: Reviews of present practices and scientific literature relevant to site selection criteria. DEFRA R&D Technical Report FD1917TR1. Defra, London, 178p.
  • Spencer, K.L., Cundy, A.B., Davies-Hearn, S., Hughes, R., Turner, S. and MacLeod, C.L., 2008. Physicochemical changes in sediments at Orplands Farm, Essex, UK following 8 years of managed realignment. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 76, 608-619.
  • Wolters, M., Garbutt, A., Bakker, J.P., 2005. Salt-marsh restoration: evaluating the success of de-embankments in north-west Europe. Biological Conservation 123(22), 249-268.

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