Seal Sands

Year Implemented

1993

Project Type

Regulated tidal exchange

Country

United Kingdom

Location

Tees Estuary (Durham)

Longitude

-1.2003

Latitude

54.6193

Habitat(s) Created
  • Mudflat

  • Saltmarsh

  • Transitional Grassland

Size

9 Hectares

Why Undertaken
  • Habitat Creation

  • Compensation

Project Description Summary

This involved the installation of one pipe: 1.05m diameter; 60m long; 0.16m slope. As part of this scheme artificial creeks were dug.

Documents/References uploaded
References
  • Atkinson, P.W., Crooks, S., Grant, A., Rehfish, M.M., 2001. The success of creation and restoration schemes in producing intertidal habitat suitable for waterbirds. No. 425, English Nature, Peterborough, 167p.
  • Evans, P.R., Ward, R.M., Bone, M, 1997. Seal Sands intertidal flooding project. Report to English Nature. University of Durham, Durham, 72p.
  • Evans, P.R., Ward, R.M., Bone, M., Leakey, M., 1998. Creation of temperate-climate intertidal mudflats: factors affecting colonization by benthic invertebrates and their bird predators. Marine Pollution Bulletin 37, 535545.
  • Lamberth, C., Haycock, N., 2001. Regulated tidal exchange. Phase II report. Case studies and guidelines for the assessment of sites capable of supporting a saline wetland creation project using regulated tidal exchange techniques. Haycock associates Ltd., St. Albans.
  • Wolters, M., Garbutt, A., Bakker, J.P., 2005. Salt-marsh restoration: evaluating the success of de-embankments in north-west Europe. Biological Conservation 123(22), 249-268.


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